Abstract Photographs of Glass and Leaf

August 26, 2014  •  Leave a Comment

In trying to keep up with all of my self-imposed photographic obligations, I made some abstract works for the local camera club to show at the August meeting. I'll share the details and how I made the images.

"Abstract" is defined in Oxford American Desk Dictionary and Thesaurus as "Achieving its effect by shapes and colors rather than by realism" and "extract, remove." To make these abstracts, I wanted to find a macro subject that lent shapes, colors and forms for me to extract into art.

Remembering an idea about shooting through other materials, I decided to look for translucent objects that I could place color behind and then shoot through. I found a Glenlivet drinking glass that had an ornate bottom, which when viewed through a macro lens was full of crystalline patterns. I set the glass on top of a Hawaiian shirt that had colors I liked, specifically warm and cool colors that would contrast and direct the eye.

 

© Joel Nisleit Photography, Wisconsin wedding photographer as seen on The Knot.Crystal Hot and Cool

The view is so close that you can actually see the thread pattern of the shirt under the glass, which looks like a checkered pattern, in some parts of the image.

I lit the subject with an off-camera LED light. I turned the camera to live view, the first time I'd ever used that mode to shoot, so I could rotate the glass and move the light to find the design I wanted on the LCD without having to waste frames or strain to look through the viewfinder. I don't use live view in general, but this is the type of photograph it's made for. I shot until the battery died, which wasn't long with continuous live view. I managed to make about 30 frames and selected the best three for finishing.

 

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyHawaiian shirt macro setup.Behind the shot.

I removed the center pole of the tripod and turned it upside down to get the camera into position. I also set shutter delay mode and triggered from the MC-36 remote release set to a five-second delay to eliminate any vibrations during this extreme closeup. You can see a total of three extension tubes on the 50 mm. I almost had to touch the glass to focus on it.

 

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyLava River

 

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyStar Bursts

This exercise was educational because I discovered that, at least for me, shape and detail in an image seem to take precedent over color. I know that the eye goes to warm colors first, but I also see that it prefers detail over color and the balance between the importance of shape and color is delicate. What this means is no matter how hot or attractive a color is, the eye prefers to examine a detailed area foremost.

I rotated two of the images for two distinct compositions. Take a look.

 

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyLava River<a target="_blank" href="http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com">http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com</a>

 

© Joel Nisleit Photography

For another abstract subject, I chose a maple leaf from our tree in the front yard. Again I rigged a macro platform with my versatile Manfrotto tripod. I used the built-in level to level the legs and then removed the center column and placed it sideways, which enabled me to use the column as a sliding macro rail to adjust focus. If you do a lot of macro photography, I'd recommend investing in a macro rail or bellows, which allow for smoother, finer movements. The versatility of the ball head enables me to position the camera correctly regardless of the orientation of the center pole. The goal is to get the sensor plane as parallel with the subject as possible for sharp detail.

To hold the leaf, I turned to the Plamp, a flexible clamp system. Again I used the LED to illuminate the subject from behind, bringing out the fine textures of the leaf.

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyLeaf macro setup.<a target="_blank" href="http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com">http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com</a>

It really pays to invest in a quality tripod. The Manfrotto 055MF3, though now old, is a tremendously versatile rig for anything up to a DSLR with 200 mm lens. Buying one piece of equipment that will last 20 or 30 years is much better than buying the same cheap piece of equipment every two years. How did I get such soft, pleasing lighting using on-camera flash without casting a harsh shadow in the blinds immediately behind the rig? Ceiling bounce.

 

© Joel Nisleit PhotographyLeaf abstract<a target="_blank" href="http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com">http://www.joelnisleitphotography.com</a>

I decided showing the leaf in color was too literal for my abstract goal, so I changed it to black and white and enhanced the detail and contrast in post.

 
Above, some colorizing and layer blending in Photoshop CS6 helped me create the effect of blood filling the vessels of the leaves. The effect isn't as complicated to accomplish as it looks.
 

Takeaway lessons:

  • Live view is incredibly helpful in macro shooting or when the camera is in positions that make looking through the viewfinder awkward.
  • Detail has greater control over the eye than color.
  • Shape is contrast.
  • Rotate abstract images for drastically different compositions.
  • Be resourceful with the equipment you have.

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